Case Reporting Appraisal of Notifiable Infectious Disease: A Systematic Review

Ma. Theresa Salinda *

Far Eastern University, Manila, Philippines.

Perla O. Lachica

Far Eastern University, Manila, Philippines.

Reynalyn M.Bataan

Emilio Aguinaldo College, Manila, Philippines.

Jovan V. Naela

Jacksonville University, Florida, USA.

Cliff Richard T. Mabasa

National University, Manila, Philippines.

Aldrin N. San Juan

Emilio Aguinaldo College, Manila, Philippines.

Jocelyn B. Hipona

Saint Paul University, Tuguegarao, Philippines.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) considers as public health crisis that should be of concern on a worldwide scale. Public health officials are required to be reported by medical professionals, laboratories, or other institutions. There is a wide range of variation in the proportion of notifiable respiratory disorders that are reported between regions, countries, and diseases.

Purpose: The aim of this study is to discover notifiable infectious diseases in Asia and other low-income countries from 2019 to the present, utilizing an adult population. The objectives of this study are therefore to summarize scientific evidence and provide recommendations on the completeness of notifiable infectious diseases, particularly COVID-19.

Methods: The study followed the process of Whittemore and Knafl [1] that include the following criteria; defining the issue, developing the research question, carrying out a focused literature search, and employing mixed-methods or qualitative data processing methods to reduce the possibility of bias and error.

Results:  From the twenty (20) studies included in this review, there were a total of 10941 samples, 36 cities included, 26 data points, 9 databases, 5 municipalities, and thousands of cases, with 941 discussing leptospirosis diseases, 60 documents discussing COVID, 10,000 samples discussing rabies, and 1906 samples for dengue infection

Conclusion: A review that was both systematic and integrative offered information on risk factors and discussed the comprehensiveness of reportable infectious diseases. Age, race, ethnicity, language, income, and living conditions are risk factors that further increase the likelihood of these notifiable infectious diseases occurring.

Keywords: Air pollution, infectious disease, notifiable infectious

How to Cite

Salinda , Ma. Theresa, Perla O. Lachica, Reynalyn M.Bataan, Jovan V. Naela, Cliff Richard T. Mabasa, Aldrin N. San Juan, and Jocelyn B. Hipona. 2023. “Case Reporting Appraisal of Notifiable Infectious Disease: A Systematic Review”. Asian Journal of Research in Nursing and Health 6 (1):278-92.


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