Current Prevalence Rate of Cigarette Smoking among Adult Patients at a Tertiary Hospital in South East Nigeria

Bede Azudialu *

Department of Family Medicine, Federal University Teaching Hospital, Owerri, Nigeria.

Benjamin Nkem

Research Unit, Federal University Teaching Hospital, Owerri, Nigeria.

Obi-Nwosu Amaka

Department of Family Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi Campus, Nigeria.

Ogunnaya Frances Ugonne

Department of Internal Medicine, Newark Beth Israel Medical Center, Newark, USA.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Purpose: The objective of this study is to ascertain the current prevalence of smoking among the adult patients presenting at the outpatient department of Federal University Teaching Hospital, Owerri, Imo state.

Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted on consecutive patients aged 18 years and above from February to March 2023. Patients data were collected using interview administered questionnaire.

Results: Six hundred and forty-three patients (427 males vs 216 females) were enrolled in the study. The prevalence rate of smoking in the study population is 10.3%, with majority of male smokers 87.9% compared to female smokers 12.1%.Self-employed patients and students accounted for majority of the smokers while there was no pensioner or housewife that smoked.

Conclusion: The prevalence of smoking in the study population is still very high, hence, the need for more active measures to enforce smoking cessation.

Keywords: Cigarette smoking, adults, occupation, gender, marital status, tertiary hospital, Nigeria

How to Cite

Azudialu , B., Nkem, B., Amaka , O.-N., & Ugonne , O. F. (2023). Current Prevalence Rate of Cigarette Smoking among Adult Patients at a Tertiary Hospital in South East Nigeria. Asian Journal of Research in Nursing and Health, 6(1), 406–410. Retrieved from


World Health Organization. Global health risks: Mortality and burden of disease attributable to selected major risks. Bull World Health Organ. 2009;87:646

World Health Organization. WHO Report on the global tobacco epidemic, Enforcing Bans on Tobacco Advertising, Promotion and Sponsorship. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization. 2013:106.

Saleheen D, Zhao W, Rasheed A. Epidemiology and public health policy of tobacco use and cardiovascular disorders in low- and middle-income countries. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2014;34: 1811-95.

Eriksen M, Nyman A, Whitney C. Global tobacco use and cancer: findings and solutions from the tobacco atlas; 2014. Available:

Sreeramareddy CT, Pradhan PM, Sin S. Prevalence, distribution, and social determinants of tobacco use in 30 sub-Saharan African countries. BMC Med. 2014;12(1):243.

World Health Organization. WHO global report on trends in tobacco smoking. Geneva: World Health Organization. 2015:2000–2025.

Scollo M, Winstanley M. Tobacco in Australia: Facts and issues. Melbourne: Cancer Council Victoria. 2018

Ake A. Nigeria: Tobacco consumption contributes 12% deaths from heart diseases - NHF. THISDAY; 2018.

Adeloye D, Auta A, Fawipe A, Gadanya M, Ezeigwe N, Mpazanga R et al. Current prevalence pattern of tobacco smoking in Nigeria: A systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Pub Health (2019);19(1): 1719.

Huang WC, Pham NY, Nguyen TA. et al. Smoking behaviour among adult patients presenting to health facilities in four provinces of Vietnam. BMC Public Health. 2021;21:845.

CAJ Emerole, HN Chineke, KC Diwe, DPM Onubeze .The Prevalence of Smoking among Undergraduates of Imo State University Owerri, SouthEastern Nigeria NJMP11.2. 2013;43-47

Omolara UtiOyinkansola SofolaWasiu Adeyemo Oladunni Ogundana. Pattern of smoking and nicotine dependence in Lagos State Nigeria. 17th World Conference on Tobacco or Health, WCTOH 1/. 2018;16.

Mony P, D′Souza G, Sreedaran P, Rekha D, Srinivasan K. Clinicoepidemiological profile of tobacco users attending a tobacco cessation clinic in a teaching hospital in Bangalore city. Lung India. 2012;29:137-42.

Adetomi Bademosi, Vivian Chijioke. Prevalence and pattern of smoking among young adltsia a rural communityin Imo state. International Journal of Novel Research in Healthcare and Nursing. 2021;8(3):130-135.

Park HK. The social-politic consideration about youngmen's drinking and smoking. J Korean Med Assoc. 1967;10: 545–548.