Maternal Perception of Factors Contributing to under Nutrition among under-Five Children in Selected Primary Healthcare Facilities in Abeokuta South LGA

Sodimu J.O *

Ogun State College of Nursing Science, Abeokuta Ogun State, Nigeria.

Y.J Oguntoyinbo

Ogun State College of Nursing Science, Abeokuta Ogun State, Nigeria.

Aminu S.O

Ogun State College of Nursing Science, Abeokuta Ogun State, Nigeria.

Ademola Shafiu

Crescent University Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria.

Aminu Musa Adebayo

Osun State University Oshogbo, Osun State, Nigeria.

Alake O.M

Ogun State College of Nursing Science, Abeokuta Ogun State, Nigeria.

Babalola Adeola Temitope

Ogun State College of Nursing Science, Abeokuta Ogun State, Nigeria.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Undernutrition is the imbalance between the intake of nutrients, energy and the bodily requirements to live, grow, and carry out specific functions, especially before reaching the age of five. This study is aimed at assessing maternal perception of factors contributing to undernutrition among under-five children in selected primary healthcare facilities in Abeokuta South Local Government Area, Ogun State, Nigeria. Factors contributing to undernutrition such as low parental education, income, family size, challenging employment, poor living conditions, and inadequate dietary intake, were identified as significant determinants.

Study Design:  The study was descriptive design.

Place and Duration of Study: Sample: Department of Medicine (Medical Unit IV) and Department of Radiology, Services Institute of Medical Sciences (SIMS), Services Hospital Lahore, between September 2019 and February 2020.

Methodology: 80 questionnaires were distributed to the respondents.  Data was analyzed using SPSS version 22 and was presented using frequency, percentage and distribution.

Results: The knowledge of undernutrition among respondents showed that 86.3% of respondents believed that an imbalanced diet is the cause of undernutrition and 37.5% of the population demonstrated a low level of knowledge and 62.5% of the population had a high level of knowledge of undernutrition in children. Respondents’ perception of factors responsible for undernutrition in children revealed that 91.3% of respondents claimed that cultural beliefs and traditional practices have a great influence on nutritional practices. Also, 31.2% of the population had a poor perception while 68.8% of the population had a good perception of the factors associated with undernutrition in children.

Conclusion: The findings demonstrate a high prevalence of undernutrition, specifically stunting, Factors found to be significantly associated with poor nutrition outcomes in children under five are unsafe drinking water and sanitation, maternal height, birth order and age of the child.

Keywords: Socio-demographic, undernutrition, respondent, knowledge, health concern

How to Cite

Sodimu J.O, Y.J Oguntoyinbo, Aminu S.O, Ademola Shafiu, Aminu Musa Adebayo, Alake O.M, and Babalola Adeola Temitope. 2024. “Maternal Perception of Factors Contributing to under Nutrition Among under-Five Children in Selected Primary Healthcare Facilities in Abeokuta South LGA”. Asian Journal of Research in Nursing and Health 7 (1):23-30.


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