Cases of Infantile Diarrhea and Gastroenteritis

Camila Carvalho do Vale *

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem, Universidade do Estado do Pará e Universidade Federal do Amazonas (PPGENF/UEPA-UFAM). Belém, Pará, Brasil.

Fernanda Lizie Araujo Ferreira

Universidade da Amazônia, Unama. Pará, Brasil.

Jakeline da Silva Rodrigues

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem, Centro Universitário da Amazônia (PPGENF/UNIESAMAZ). Belém, Pará, Brasil.

Maylane Cristina Barros Sousa

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem, Centro Universitário da Amazônia (PPGENF/UNIESAMAZ). Belém, Pará, Brasil.

Bruna Rafaela da Silva Sousa

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Neurociência e Biologia Celular, Universidade Federal do Pará (PPGNBC/UFPA). Belém, Pará, Brasil.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Objective: To Analyse cases of diarrhea and gastroenteritis in children in the municipality of Ananindeua from 2018 to 2022.

Methods: Quantitative, cross-sectional descriptive epidemiological rearch on a secundary basis. The data are from notified cases of diarrhea and gastroenteritis in children age 0 to 9 yers. Tables and graphs were used to analyze the data.

Results:  Between 2018 and 2022, the municipality under study recorded 116 reported cases of diarrhea and gastroenteritis in children. Over these years, the age group most affected was 1 to 4 years old, accounting for 58.69% of all cases. In addition, there is a slightly higher prevalence of cases in females compared to males. With regard to the race of the children, the majority of notifications refer to brown children.

Conclusions: This study allowed a detaild analysis of cases of diarrhea and gastroenteritis in children, revealing valuable information about the sociodemographic characteristics of the région studied, as well as the influence of these determinants on the health/disease of these children.

Keywords: Gastroenteritis, diarrhea, health, gastrointestinal infection


How to Cite

Vale, C. C. do, Ferreira, F. L. A., Rodrigues, J. da S., Sousa, M. C. B., & Sousa, B. R. da S. (2024). Cases of Infantile Diarrhea and Gastroenteritis. Asian Journal of Research in Nursing and Health, 7(1), 80–86. Retrieved from https://journalajrnh.com/index.php/AJRNH/article/view/157

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Patricio SF, Minayo MC. For good enough care in early childhood: some reflections. Cade Psicanál. 2020;42(43): 265-284. Available:http://pepsic.bvsalud.org/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-629520200002000 15&lng=pt

Lamas JM, Michels CD, Ferreira IJ, Santos LF, Santos LF, Azara LL, et al. Acute gastroenteritis in pediatric patients. Brazili Jour Heal Review. 2021;4(5):21569-21576. DOI: 10.34119/bjhrv4n5-242

Vasconcelos MJ, Rissin A, Figueiroa JN, Lira PIC, Filho MB. Factors associated with diarrhea in children under five years of age, in the state of Pernambuco, according to surveys carried out in 1997 and 2006. Rev Saúde Pública. 2018;52(48):1-11. DOI:10.11606/S1518-8787.20180520160 94

Taborda RLM, Silva LA, Orlandi PP, Batista FS, Rodrigues RS, Matos NB. Characterization of enteroaggregative escherichia coli in children with diarrhea in the western Brazilian Amazon. Arq Gastroenterol. 2018;55(4):390-396. DOI: 10.1590/S0004-2803.201800000-84

Kamioka GA, Masalosso G, Pavanello EI, Sousa SCZ, Bassit NP, Sato APS. Nanovirus in the city of São Paulo, 2010-2016: Cross-sectional study on the main cause of childhood gastroenteritis. Epidemiol Serv Saúde. 2019;28(2):1-10. DOI: 10.5123/S1679-49742019000200016

Cavalcante ER, Ferri EK, Cunha JPA, Kowalski PA, Lima GFD, Zatti MP. Infant mortality in children under five years of age in a public hospital in Campo Grande/MS: A temporal description. Rev Nurs. 2022; 25(284):7618-7622. Available:https://revistanursing.com.br/index.php/revistanursing/article/view/2397/2946

Pedraza DF. Food and nutritional insecurity of families with children under five years of age in the metropolitan region of João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil. Ciênc Saú Coletiva. 2021;26(4):1511-1520. DOI: 10.1590/1314-81232021264.069420 19

Castellano VE, Gligio ND, Pacchiotti AC, Gentile A. Outpatient management of acute childhood diarrhea: Survey among pediatricians at a children's hospital in the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires. Arch Argent Pediatr. 2022;120(1):46-53. DOI: 10.5546/aap.2022.eng.46

Melo FMS, Oliveira BSB, Oliveira RK, Bezerra JC, Silva MJN, Costa EC, et al. Effects of educational technologies on maternal self-efficacy in preventing childhood diarrhea: A clinical trial. Rev Bras Enferm. 2022;75 (5):1-8. DOI: 10.1590/0034-7167-2021-0339

Sabino LM, Ferreira AMV, Mendes ER, Joventino ES, Gubert FA, Penha JC, et al. Validation of primer for promoting maternal self-efficacy in preventing childhood diarrhea. See Bras Enferm. 2018;71(3): 1495-1502. DOI: 10.1590/0034-7167-2017-0341

Vidal BTO, Souza DN, Souza MR, Freitas FM, Ferreira JCS. Bras Jour Develop. 2022;8(5):39320-39333.

DOI: 10.34117/bjdv8n5-429

Vieira KP. The prevalence of hospital admissions for diarrhea and gastroenteritis of infectious origin and associated factors in children aged 0 to 4 years in the city of Macaé/RJ. [dissertation] Macaé: Federal University of Rio de Janeiro; 2021.

Ferreira PA, Garcia EM, Leonel CFS, Moraes SS, Barbosa MS, Mata CRR, et al. Factors associated with diarrhea in intensive care unit patients using enteral nutrition. Acer Health. 2023;23(8):1-9. DOI: 10.25248/REAS.e 13774.2023

Aguiar KCG, Cohen SC, Maciel EM, Kligerman DC. Risk factors for the occurrence of diarrhea in children living on the island of Guaratiba (RJ). Health Debate. 2020;44(124):205-220.

DOI: 10.1590/013-1104202012415

Melo MCB, Gazzinelli BF, Oliveira APP, Ferreira ARF, Fagundes EDT, Pimenta JR, et al. Inflammatory bowel disease in childhood. Rev med. 2016;26(2):35-44. DOI: 10. 5935/2238-3182.20160021

Silva AAM. Early interventions to reduce vulnerabilities and improve child development. Public Health Cad. 2019;35 (3):1-3. DOI: 10.1590/0102-311X00030519

Costa CM, Santos DF, Bulhões TM, Oliveira JO, Gusmão BR, Oliveira JB, et al. Epidemiological profile of diarrhea in children aged 1 to 4 years in the state of Alagoas. Rev Atenç Saúde. 2021;68(19): 89-97.

DOI: 10.13037/rasvol19n68.7361

Oliveira BS, Oliveira RK, Bezerra JC, Melo FMS, Monteiro FP, Joventino ES. Social conditions and maternal behavior in the prevention and management of childhood diarrhea. Consider Nurse. 2017;22(4):1-13. DOI:10.5380/ce.v22i4.50294

Maia LTS, Souza WV, Mendes ACG. Individual and contextual determinants associated with infant mortality in Brazilian capitals: A multilevel approach. Cad Public Health. 2020;36(2):1-19.

DOI: 10.1590/0102-311X00057519

Gomes RNS, Fonseca PI, Rodrigues A, Pereira C, Gomes VTS, Filha FS. Influence of the human rotavirus vaccine on hospitalizations for gastroenteritis in children in Brazil. Tex Context Nurse. 2021;30(1):1-11. DOI: 10.1590/1980-265X-TCE-2020-0354

Oliveira JAS, Ferreira LC. Underreporting of foodborne diseases in Januária-MG. Uni Science. 2021;25(2):77-79. DOI: 10.17921/1415-5141.2021v25n2p77-79

Joventino ES, Oliveira BSB, OliveiraRKL, Melo FMS, Oriá MO, Ximenes LB. Influence of socioeconomic and health conditions in children on the occurrence of childhood diarrhea. Rev Enferm Atenç Saúd. 2019;8(1):81-92. DOI: 10.18554/reas.v8i1.3139

Castro AA, Bacalhau F, Silva FF, Avillez C, Batalheiro J. Entamoeba histolytica as a cause of chronic diarrhea. Rev Bras Med Fam Comunid. 2019;14(41):1-8. DOI: 10.5712/rbmfc14(41)1917

Alfonso EP, Bernal DH. Acute diarrheal disease. See Cub Pedriat. [Internet]. 2019;91(4):1-3 Available:https://revpediatria.sld.cu/index.php/ped/article/view/928

Sabino LMM, Ferreira AM, Joventino ES, Lima FE, Penha JC, Lima KF, et al. Validation of a booklet for preventing childhood diarrhea. Acta Paul Enferm. 2018;31(3):233-239.

DOI: 10.1590/1982-0194201800034

Nóbrega RV, Nóbrega MML, Silva KL. Diagnoses, results and nursing interventions for children in the pediatric clinic of a teaching hospital. Rev Bras Enferm. 2011;64(3): 501-510.

DOI: 10.1590/s0034-71672011000300014

Amaral JV, Brito VS, Filho ACA, Brito MA, Dantas AL, Rocha SS. Nurse care in preventing child hospitalizations for conditions sensitive to primary care. Rev Soc Bras Enferm Ped. 2021;21(2):110-118.

DOI: 10.31508/1676-379320210016