A Cross-sectional Study of Nurses’ Practice of Patient Education in Four Healthcare Facilities in Buea, Cameroon
Asian Journal of Research in Nursing and Health,
Background: Nurses are a majority of the healthcare workforce and they spend more time with patients and their families. Thus patient education is an important nursing role, yet it is sometimes neglected.
Aim: This study was conducted to assess nurses’ practice of patient education in clinical settings and to explore their perception of how this could be facilitated in their hospitals.
Methods: A quantitative cross-sectional study design was employed for this study. A sample of 140 nurses, purposively selected from 4 main hospitals in Fako division of the South West Region of Cameroon took part in the study. Data was collected using a structured questionnaire and analysed descriptively, with the aid of SPSS version 17.0.
Results: Most of the study participants were females (89.3%) and a majority (75%) were between the ages of 18-35. Most of the nurses (65.7%) had a Diploma in nursing. A good number of them (73.6%) had worked between 1-9 years. Most participants (60.0%) reported that their patient teaching activities were predominantly informal. They reported mostly teaching patients about: their next appointments (70.7%), how to continue their drug therapy (68.6%) and where and how to dispose of their waste while in hospital (60.7%). An inappropriate patient environment was reported to hinder effective patient teaching.
Conclusion: The findings of this study suggest that if nurses are provided with educational aids, patients’ education process guidelines, refresher courses on patient education, and some supervision during the teaching process, patient teaching practice could be enhanced.
- Patient education
- healthcare facilities
How to Cite
Abdi A, Izadi A, Vafaeei K, Lorestani E. Assessment of patient education barriers in view point of nurses and general physicians. Intl Res J Appl Basic Sci. 2014;8(12):2252-2256.
Abo Gad R, Obied H. effect of intervention guide on staff nurses’, role in patients’ education. IOSR-JNHS. 2018;7(4):88- 98.
Labhardt ND, Schiess K, Manga E, Langewitz W. Provider-patient interaction in rural Cameroon- how it relates to the patients’ understanding of diagnosis and prescribed drugs, the patients concept of illness and access to therapy. Patient Educ Couns. 2009;76(2):196-201.
Moonaghi HK, Zeydy AE, Mirhaghi A. Patient education among nurses: Bringing evidence into clinical applicability in Iran. Invest Educ Enferm. 2016;34(1):137-157.
Livne Y, Peterfreund I, Sheps J. Barriers to patient education and their relationship to nurses’ perception to patient education climate. Clinical Nursing Studies. 2017; 5(4):65-72.
Heidari MR, Norouzadeh R. Factors affectingpatient education from cultural perspectives. J Adv Med & Prof. 2013; 1(4):136-139.
Farahani MA, Mohammadi E, Ahmadi F, Mohammadi N. Factors Influencing patient education: A qualitative research. Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res. 2013;8(2):133-139.
Keifi S, Shahriari M, Baghersad Z, Sheibani-Tehrani D, Rejalian F. Effects of patient education program on the quality of nursing care and inpatient satisfaction in surgical wards of selected hospitals in Isfahan, Iran. Hosp Pract Res. 2016;1(4): 129-134.
Oyetunde M, Akinmeye A. Factors influencing practice of patient education among nurses at the University college Hospital, Ibadan. Open Journal of Nursing. 2015;5:500-507.
Kalisch BJ. Missed nursing care: A qualitative study. J Nurs Care Qual. 2006; 21(4):306-13.
Abbasi M, RabieiL, Masoudi R. Experience of nursing students about the barriers to patient education: A qualitative study in Iran. Korean J Med Educ. 2018;30(4):327-337.
Park MY. Nurses' perception of performance and responsibility of patient education. Taehan Kanho Hakhoe Chi. 2005;35(8):1514-1521.
Hekmatpou, D, Mohammadi E, Ahmadi F, Arefi SH. Lack of sensitivity to readmission: A grounded theory study for explaining the process of readmitting patients suffering from congestive heart failure. Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs. 2009;8(5): 355-363.
Friberg F, Bergh A, Lepp M. In search of details of patient teaching in nursing documentation--an analysis of patient records in a medical ward in Sweden. J Clin Nurs. 2006;15(12):1550-1558.
Jahromi ZB. A study of the barriers and facilitators of patient education from the viewpoints of nursing students at Jahrom college of nursing. BJMS[internet]. 2016; 15(3):471-476.
Ghorbani R, Soleimani M, Zeinali M, Davaji M. Iranian nurses and nursing students’ attitudes attitude on barriers and facilitators to patient education: A survey study. Nurs Educ Pract. 2014;14(5):555-556.
Jahromi MK. The Effective Factors in Patient Education from the Perspective of Nurses Working in Critical Ward. Adv Environ Biol. 2014;8(12):1280-1284.
Lupón J, González B, Mas D, Urrutia A, Arenas M, Domingo M et al. Patient’s self-care improvement with nurse education intervention in Spain assessed by the European Heart Failure Self-Care Behaviour Scale. Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs. 2008;7(1):16-20.
Dehkordi LM, Salahshorian A, Mohammad-Alayah J, Hosseini F. Nurses' perception of patient teaching, enhancing and inhibiting factors. Iran. J. Nurs. 2005; 17(40):18-27.
Koivunen M, Hätönen H, Välimäki M. Barriers and facilitators influencing the implementation of an interactive internet-portal application for patient education in psychiatric hospital. Patient Educ. Couns. 2008;70(3):412-419.
Aghakhani N, Nia HS, Ranjbar H, Rahba N, Beheshti Z. Nurses attitudes to patient educationbarriers in educational hospitals of Urmia University of medical sciences. Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res. 2012;17(1):12-15.
Garshasbi S, Khazaeipour Z, Fakhraei N, Naghdi M. Evaluating knowledge, attitude and practice of health-care workers regarding patient education in Iran. Acta Med Iran. 2016;1:58-66.
Ebob-Anya B, Bassah N, Palle JN. Management of cellulitisand the role of the nurse: A 5-year retrospective multicenter study in Fako, Cameroon. BMC Res Notes. 2019;12:452.
Tabrizi JS, Farahsa S, Ashghari G, Alizadeh G. Patient education improvement: an interventional study in Iran. International Journal of Hospital Research. 2016;5(4):126-131.
Talebi S, Shahrabadi H, Sabzevar AV, Asadi R. Nurse’s activities and viewpoints about motivational factors, facilitators and barriers to patient education. JBH. 2017; 2(1):59-65.
Rahimibashar F, Miri M, Savadkohi AA, Khabirikhatiri MA, Seifi S, Shakibazadeh E et al. Iranian Nurses’ perspective of barriers to patient education in intensive care unit: A qualitative study. Arch Crit Care Med. In press. 2015;1(3):e7323.
Oyetunde MO, Akinmeye AJ. Factors influencing practice of patient education among nurses at the university college hospital, Ibadan. Open Journal of Nursing. 2015;5:500-507.
Tandi TE, Cho Y, Akam AJ, Afoh CO, Ryu SH, Choi MS, et al. Cameroon public health sector: Shortage and inequalities in geographic distribution of health personnel’. Int J Equity Health. 2015;14: 43.
Abstract View: 1020 times
PDF Download: 516 times