The Most Frequent General Words in Nursing Journals

Main Article Content

Yadollah Pournia

Abstract

Background: General vocabulary is important in language learning. The frequency of general English vocabulary in nursing journals was investigated in the present study.

Materials and Methods: This is the report of the second part of a research on a corpus (collection of texts) of English nursing articles consisting of 2851 full-text and peer-reviewed articles with more than eight million words. The frequency of the general word types (WTs) was investigated, and a list of the most frequent 1000 general English word families (WFs), in two lists of 500, was selected.

Results: A total of 159 WTs covered 50% of all the words in the nursing journals. The two selected lists of 500 WFs covered 73.50% and 9.02% (82.52% in total) of all the words in the nursing journals, respectively

Conclusions: The two 500-WF lists of general English introduced in the present study can help nursing students to comprehend about 82% of all the words in English nursing journals.

Keywords:
English, learning, nursing, vocabulary

Article Details

How to Cite
Pournia, Y. (2021). The Most Frequent General Words in Nursing Journals. Asian Journal of Research in Nursing and Health, 4(1), 34-45. Retrieved from https://journalajrnh.com/index.php/AJRNH/article/view/30130
Section
Original Research Article

References

Flowerdew J. English for specific academic purposes (ESAP) writing: Making the case. Writing & Pedagogy. 2016;8(1):5-32.
DOI: 10.1558/wap.v8i1.30051

Suliman WA, Tadros A. Nursing students coping with English as a foreign language medium of instruction. Nurse Educ Today. 2011;31(4):402-7.
DOI: 10.1016/j.nedt.2010.07.014

Starkey TJ. The critical factors that influence faculty attitudes and perceptions of teaching English as Second Language nursing students: A grounded theory research study. Nurse Educ Today. 2015;35(5):718-25.
DOI: 10.1016/j.nedt.2015.01.017

Glew PJ. Embedding international benchmarks of proficiency in English in undergraduate nursing programmes: challenges and strategies in equipping culturally and linguistically diverse students with English as an additional language for nursing in Australia. Collegian 2013;20(2):101-8.
Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colegn.2012.04.002

Alqahtani M. The importance of vocabulary in language learning and how to be taught. International Journal of Teaching and Education 2015;3(3):21-34.
Available:http://dx.doi.org/10.20472/TE.2015.3.3.002

August D, Carlo M, Dressler C, Snow C. The critical role of vocabulary development for English language learners. Learning Disabilities Research & Practice.2005; 20(1):50-7.
DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-5826.2005.00120.x

Stæhr LS. Vocabulary size and the skills of listening, reading and writing. Language Learning Journal 2008:36(2):139-52.
Available:http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09571730802389975

Uchihara T, Clenton J. Investigating the role of vocabulary size in second language speaking ability. Language Teaching Research 2018;1-17.
Available:https://doi.org/10.1177%2F1362168818799371

Seedhouse P. Needs analysis and the General English classroom. ELT Journal. 1995;49(1):59-65.
Available:https://doi.org/10.1093/elt/49.1.59

Babu AR. The school of English decadence: a study on progress of general English at undergraduate level in Satavahana university, Karimnagar. Journal of English Language and Literature (JOELL). 2015:2(2):185-9.

Johns AM. Necessary English: A faculty survey. TESOL Quarterly 1981;15(1):51-7.
Available: https://doi.org/10.2307/3586373

Yang MN. A nursing academic word list. Engl Specif Purp 2015;37: 27-38.
Available:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.esp.2014.05.003

Nor Mohamad AF, Jin NY. Corpus-based studies on nursing textbooks. Advances in Language and Literary Studies. 2013;4 (2):21-8.

Budgell B, Miyazaki M, O’Brien M, Perkins R, Tanaka Y. Developing a corpus of the nursing literature: A pilot study. Japan J Nurs Sci 2007;4:21-5.
Available: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1742-7924.2007.00071.x

Hsu W. Bridging the vocabulary gap for EFL medical undergraduates: The establishment of a medical word list. Language Teaching Research 2013;17(4):454-84.
Available:https://doi.org/10.1177/1362168813494121

Lei L, Liu D. A new medical academic word list: A corpus-based study with enhanced methodology. Journal of English for Academic Purposes 2016;22:42-53.
Available:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jeap.2016.01.008

Todd RW. An opaque engineering word list: Which words should a teacher focus on?. Engl Specif Purp. 2017;45:31-9.
Available:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.esp.2016.08.003

Hsu W. Measuring the vocabulary load of engineering textbooks for EFL undergraduates. Engl Specif Purp 2014;33:54-65.
Available:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.esp.2013.07.001

Hsu W. The vocabulary thresholds of business textbooks and business research articles for EFL learners. Engl Specif Purp. 2011;30:247-57.
Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.esp.2011.04.005

Pournia Y. A study on the most frequent academic words in high impact factor English nursing journals: A corpus-based study. Iranian J Nursing Midwifery Res 2019;24:11-7.
DOI: 10.4103/ijnmr.IJNMR_190_17

Heatley A, Nation IS, Coxhead A. Range and Frequency Programs; 2002.
Available:http://www.victoria.ac.nz/lals/about/staff/paul‑nation. [Last accessed on 2014 Sep 10].

Nation IS. How large a vocabulary is needed for reading and listening? Can Modern Lang Rev 2006;63:59-82.
Available:http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/cml.2006.0049

Muhammad MM, Hamzah SG, Bin Abdullah SK, Jack CS. A study of closure in a nursing textbooks and journals: A corpus based study. International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences 2017;4(2): 96-105.
Available:https://doi.org/10.21833/ijaas.2017.02.017