Open Access Short Research Article

Lower Back Pain among Health Care Workers in Operating Room at Al- Fateh Children's Hospital: Prevalence and Risk Factors

Amal A. Mukhtad, Huda A. Mohamed

Asian Journal of Research in Nursing and Health, Page 1-11

Lower back pain (LBP) is recognised as a cause of morbidity in the developed nations in different occupational situations specifically, in health care workers (HCWs) including physicians, nurses and technicians, who are vulnerable to LBP. About 60–80% of the general people suffer from LBP at some time during their lives. However, there is not enough care about workplace health and safety problems facing the health care workforce in developing nations such as Libya. Thus, work-related issues among health care workers (HCWs) in operating room at Al-Fateh Children's Hospital in Benghazi city, Libya are described in this study.

Methods: Cross-sectional data were collected through a questionnaire that included four classes: work-related demographics, occupational injury/illness, reporting behaviour, and safety concerns.

Results: The health care workers experience a higher prevalence of lower back pain (LBP) complaints (87%), due to no proper policy related to LBP, the job nature has exposed them to this health issue. Main contributing factors which can increase the risk exposure of LBP were age, occupation and lifting objects, equipment and patients. The main concerns were overload and work stress.

Conclusion: In Libya, health care workers (HCWs) are considered as a critical health and safety concern, as a result of the weakness of policies in healthcare organisations. Thus, a proper no weight lifting policy should be considered. If not, proper manual lifting must be implemented.

Open Access Short Research Article

Survey of Factors Influencing Job Satisfaction among Nurses in Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital Zaria, Nigeria

Robert Teryila Kever, Silas Saidu Oyibo, Aji M. Gana, John Freeman Ukende, Pius Iorapuu Damkor, Sambo Danlami

Asian Journal of Research in Nursing and Health, Page 1-14

Job satisfaction has been a recurring problem amongst nurses in Nigeria. As such, unfavourable working conditions are compounding problems of shortage and anticipated turnover among the Nigerian nursing workforce. This study assessed the factors influencing job satisfaction among nurses in Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital (ABUTH), Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria. A quantitative descriptive cross-sectional design was adopted for the study, and stratified random sampling technique was used to select a sample of 360 participants from a population of 695 nurses. Revised Nursing Work Index (NWI- R) questionnaire was adopted as the data collection tool, and data was analysed using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) Version 21.0. The major causes of job dissatisfaction among the participants were poor salary, working conditions and staffing. The study recommends that ABUTH management should improve upon nurses' remuneration, create a healthy practising environment and improve their staffing of nurses to retain the practising nurses and attract the younger generation into the profession.

Open Access Original Research Article

Job Satisfaction among Certified Registered Anaesthetists in Greater Accra Region, Ghana

Yakubu Shani, Charles Doku-Attuah, Ibrahim Addai, Abdul Rahman Mubarak

Asian Journal of Research in Nursing and Health, Page 1-16

Aims: This study aimed at assessing the levels of job satisfaction and determining factors that influence job satisfaction among Certified Registered Anaesthetists (CRAs), in Greater Accra Region, Ghana. CRAs are called Nurse Anaesthetists in other parts of the world.

Study Design: A cross-sectional survey design, with the structured self-administered questionnaire, was used to collect data.

Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted among CRAs at the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital, Ridge Regional Hospital, 37 Military Hospital, Tema General Hospital, Tema Polyclinic, Achimota Hospital, Ashaiman hospital, and Ridge School of Anesthesia, between November 2017 and June 2018.

Methodology: 100 Participants were randomly selected from these hospitals. Data were analysed using computer-based Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 24. The analyses were presented using tabular and graphic presentations. Chi-Square test was used to determine associations between job satisfaction, demographic factors, and job satisfaction predictors, where P – values less than 0.05 were interpreted as statistically significant.

Results: Out of the sample size of 100, the study recorded 95 (95%) response rate. Participants’ age ranged between 20 and 60 years with the mean age of 41 years (±0.714). Females were more, 56 (58.9%) compared to males, 39 (41.1%). Majority of respondents (69, 72.6%) were married. There was no statistical significance in the association between job satisfaction and the socio-demographic variables. Providing good quality of Patient care (X2=9.345{df1}; p< 0.001) and the availability of resources, equipment, and supplies (X2=6.368{df1}; p= 0.01) were the only statistically significant predictors of job satisfaction. Overall, 63 (69.2%) CRAs were satisfied with their job.

Conclusion: From this study and others from across the globe, Anaesthetists are generally satisfied with their job. The working environment of CRAs is often stressful thus the need to achieve higher levels of job satisfaction. Therefore, improving the factors that influence job satisfaction is strongly recommended.

Open Access Original Research Article

Exploring the Factors Associated with Birth Asphyxia among the Newborn Infants at a Rural Hospital in Bangladesh

Shabnam Mostari, Md. Razwan Hasan Khan Chowdhury, Mohammad Rocky Khan Chowdhury, Dioneia Motta Monte-Serrat, Masoud Mohammadnezhad, Russell Kabir

Asian Journal of Research in Nursing and Health, Page 1-9

Background: Birth asphyxia is a critical problem to address within the context of public health. There are many reasons a baby may not be able to take in enough oxygen before, during, or just after birth.

Objective: The objective of this research is to determine the risk factors that are associated with birth asphyxia in the Matlab, Hospital Bangladesh.

Methods: This is a case-control study. Cases were selected from the hospital records. A group of 94 mothers who gave live births resulting in asphyxiated new-borns during 24th October 2006 to 20th August 2008 at the labour ward of Matlab hospital, Bangladesh.

Results: Result indicates the largest group of mothers with Asphyxiated new-born between <25 years old, was 61 (35.5%) while in the control group it was 111 (64.5%). Foetal presentation was associated with birth asphyxia in new-born (OR= 15.21; 95% CI: 1.841-125.67; p= 0.001). The study shows that infant with birth weight <2500g had 3.49 times greater risk of developing birth asphyxia compared to the infant with birth weight >2500 g (CI: 1.79-6.78, p = 0.00).

Conclusions: A future community based study with larger sample size is necessary to find the temporal relationship between Birth asphyxia and cord around the neck, Gestational age at birth less than 37 weeks and prolong first stage of labour.

Open Access Original Research Article

The Impact of Novice Nurses' Characteristics and Personalities on Work-Related Stress

Ju-Yu Chiu, Aih-Fung Chiu, Szu-Mei Hsiao, Yu-Ching Chou, Chao-Hsien Lee, Tsan Yang

Asian Journal of Research in Nursing and Health, Page 1-9

Background: High stress is related to the high turnover rate of new nursing staffs. Accordingly, determining how to retain novice nurses is critical.

Purpose: Understand the relationship between novice nurses' basic characteristics, personality traits, and work-related stress.

Methods: This cross-sectional study used purposive sampling to recruit novice nurses working in the general wards and intensive care unit of a medical centre (179 questionnaires).

Results: (1) Length of past clinical nursing experience, and self-perceived compatibility with current position was found to be significantly correlated with work-related stress. (2) Personality traits and work-related stress were significantly and negatively correlated. (3) "Length of past clinical nursing experience," "self-perceived compatibility with the current position," "emotional stability," and "conscientiousness" were able to predict work-related stress with an explanatory power of 46%.

Conclusion: If will allow nursing students to familiarize themselves with the clinical work model early, add to the clinical nursing experience, and lower the turnover rate for novice nurses.