Open Access Opinion Article

Exploring the Usefulness of Essential Quotient in Nursing Education

Clara Agbedia, Emmanuela Anyanwu

Asian Journal of Research in Nursing and Health, Page 30-37

Nursing education like other educational institutions has utilized Intelligent Quotient in assessing the academic achievement of nursing students neglecting student’s emotional, physical, and spiritual coping abilities which may contribute immensely to the success of the individuals' goals in life. This is because a prospective nursing student may enter nursing training with a range of psychological, social, and emotional needs. The argument here is that physical, intellectual, emotional, and spiritual quotients, also known as Essential Quotient (EQ) are innate in man and can influence the acquisition of knowledge.

This paper explores the need to in-cooperate the four EQ into the curriculum of the nursing education program. The underpinning is that the nursing student of today should emerge as a practitioner with high scholarship and intellectual capabilities for questioning and research. Nursing students must be helped to build on the qualities they already possess to develop excellence in their nursing practice. This, therefore, challenges nurse educators to teach nursing students, to think, to understand, and criticize beliefs and assumptions that guide their practice. Strategies for sustaining the change within the content of nursing education are identified.

Open Access Opinion Article

COVID 19 and Nursing Education in India: A Paradigm Shift from Conventional to Online

Lovely Negi, Jithin Thomas Parel

Asian Journal of Research in Nursing and Health, Page 38-43

The present study discusses regarding the shifting of in-person learning to virtual learning particularly in the field of Nursing. Also, it focuses on the challenges which are faced by the students and teachers during this pandemic and various strategies to combat those challenges. 2019 novel Corona virus (COVID -19) or the severe acute respiratory syndrome corona virus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is an infectious disease caused by newly discovered corona virus. Synchronous virtual learning enables participants to engage in learning at the same time through same online environment, example - live webinars while in asynchronous virtual learning the participants are not engaged in the learning process at the same time. The experiences of teachers on virtual learning vary on individual basis. For some teachers, the COVID 19 has changed the way of teaching. They are able to communicate with students more efficiently and effectively through video meetings, chat groups, document sharing. Amidst of this pandemic technology enables the education to be on the go when the world has physically shut down schools and colleges. A key aspect of this pandemic is to make sure that teaching learning process is uninterrupted, continuous and equally accessible. This is the ideal time for a paradigm shift.

Open Access Original Research Article

Perception of College Students towards Nursing as a Career Choice

Md. Ariful Islam, K. M. A. Shafique, Md. Tajul Islam, Md. Saiful Islam Rajib

Asian Journal of Research in Nursing and Health, Page 1-9

Introduction: Nursing as a branch of health care system is to serve the humanity. The demand of nursing is growing worldwide and Bangladesh is no exception for that.

Objectives: The present study has been undertaken to assess the perception and identify the factors influencing the perception of college students towards taking nursing as a career choice for future.

Materials and Methods: This is a descriptive cross- sectional study that was carried out of 164 respondents. A semi-structured questionnaire was used for data collection. Collected data was analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistical methods. 

Results: The most significant findings indicate that 58.2% out of total respondents who would consider the nursing is a respectful and honorable profession, 62.2% were females while 37.8% were males. Out of which 70.0% respondents perceived that nursing is the only female career choice. An overall assessment of perception in this study showed that most of the students had average perception, m±sd =3.6±.994 (72.3%) towards nursing profession as a career choice. There is found no significant relationship between sex, education of parents and living area in considering nursing as a career choice (p> 0.05). This study also reported 66.5% students held positive perception on nursing as a career in future that nursing is a profession needs study, skills and proper practice to consider as a career choice. But this study revealed significant relationship between perception and socio demographic characteristics such as religion of the students, occupation of the parents and family monthly income (p<0.05).

Conclusion: Study recommends parents occupation with their guidance role to develop admirable image among college students to choose the nursing as a career in future. There is a need for college students to be aware of what nursing as a profession entails that sex is not a determining factor to become a better nurse.

Open Access Original Research Article

Constraints to Effective Clinical Teaching and Assessment of Nursing Students’ Competencies among Nurse Educators and Students in Lagos, Nigeria: A Qualitative Approach

Omotola Margaret, Oseni, Edith Chinonyelum, Ike, Detu Adesuwa, Onwochei, Njideka Judith, Esievo

Asian Journal of Research in Nursing and Health, Page 10-18

Aim: This qualitative study explored the perception of nursing students and nurse educators on the constraints to effective clinical teaching and assessment of nursing students’ competencies in two selected nursing schools in Lagos state.

Methods: Data was collected through a focus group discussion (FGD) among the population of interest utilizing a focus group discussion guide. The data generated from the FGD on the respondents’ perception of the constraints were categorized based on the thematic analysis of the condensed views.

Results: The result revealed that both groups have similar understanding of what constraints to effective clinical teaching and assessment of nursing students’ competencies means; the most profound constraints as identified by both study groups were; lack of knowledge of the clinical placement objectives by the students, clinical staff, nurse educators and assessors; subjectivity of the clinical assessment tools; lack of cordial relationship among staff; lack of instrument to practice real hands on procedures, and shortage of nurse educators, preceptors and clinical staff. The major effects of the identified constraints as recognized by both groups of respondents were; inadequate skill acquisition, display by the students lack of confidence to carry out procedures and feeling of inferiority complex among their peers from other discipline in the clinical setting. The perceived solutions by both study groups focused on setting and communication of clinical placement objectives, standardized evaluation tool tailored to assessing each skill acquisition, evidence-based and best practices in clinical teaching and assessment.

Conclusion: Considering the influence of nursing education on public health, identifying the constraints will help in restructuring and creating an authentic clinical teaching environment necessary for real ‘hands-on clinical practice and for the perceive solutions to be effective, it requires supports and improvement upon by the training institutions, nursing students and nurse educators for competency development and sustainable benefits to the consumers of health care.

Open Access Original Research Article

Influence of Socio-demographic Characteristics on Burnout among Nurses at Pumwani Maternity Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya

J. W. Muriithi, P. W. Kariuki, G. M. Mwangi

Asian Journal of Research in Nursing and Health, Page 19-29

Aim: Burnout has detrimental effects on workers at both physical and psychological levels. This study sought to evaluate the influence of selected socio-demographic characteristics on burnout among nurses working in Pumwani Maternity Hospital.

Methodology: A descriptive cross-sectional study design was used. The study was conducted at Pumwani Maternity Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya between August 2015 and December 2016. Clustering, purposive and convenient sampling methods were used to select the sample size of 96 nurses. A self-administered questionnaire consisting of socio-demographic characteristics and Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey was used. Data acquired was processed using SPSS version 21, utilizing descriptive and inferential statistics.

Results: The study revealed that most (88.6 %) of the respondents were experiencing burn out. Gender, religion, age, marital status and education level had a moderate relationship with burn out. Gender and marital status of nurses had a positive correlation with burnout levels. Female and married nurses experienced higher burnout levels. Religion was found to have a significance relationship with burnout and that Christians experienced less burnout. There was a negative relationship between age and education level with burnout. Young nurses with lower educational qualifications experienced more burnout levels.

Conclusion: The study confirmed high burnout levels among nurses working in Pumwani Maternity Hospital. Socio-demographic characteristics play a moderating role on development of burnout among nurses and can serve as predictors of employee burnout. Determination of the relationship between socio-demographic characteristics and burnout may aid the identification of high-risk groups as a critical step in developing effective preventive and alleviation strategies for this cadre of health care providers. This may help in development of coping strategies for burnout among nurses in maternity hospitals.