Open Access Original Research Article

Knowledge and Health-seeking Behaviour of Adolescents on COVID-19 in Rivers State, Nigeria

Chigozirim Ogubuike

Asian Journal of Research in Nursing and Health, Page 6-16

Background: COVID-19 pandemic has posed an enormous threat to global public health and the human social life, adolescents exposed to COVID-19 are as likely as old people to become infected and spread the infection. The study was conducted to determine the knowledge and health-seeking behaviour of adolescent during the COVID-19 pandemic in Rivers state Nigeria.

Methods: A cross-sectional online study was conducted. An online Google-doc questionnaire administered via WhatsApp instant messaging was distributed during the national COVID-19 lockdown with interstate travel restrictions, school and market closures in Rivers state, Nigeria. About 200 responses were received within two months.

Results: About (45%) were middle adolescent (14-16 years) and 48% were males. Majority (80%) and (76%) respectively reported that droplets of affected person and surfaces touched by affected persons could spread COVID-19.  However, some of the adolescents were not sure if touching of bank notes, dealing with pets, stool from public toilet, goods imported from China could spread coronavirus. Majority of the adolescents identified fever (86%), dry cough (85%), and difficulty in breathing (88%) as symptoms of COVID-19. About (54%) of the adolescents had ever felt ill and thought they might be infected with Coronavirus with fever (70.9%) as the major symptoms, of which (48%) tried seeking for help and more than half (56.3%) sought help from their parents.

Conclusion: Adolescents’ had poor knowledge on symptoms and spread of COVID-19, therefore continuous awareness is necessary to improve knowledge and curb the spread of the virus. Educational intervention to improve adolescents’ knowledge and health-seeking behaviours is recommended.

Open Access Original Research Article

Preventive Behaviours toward Breast Cancer among Women in Rivers East Senatorial District

Goodluck Azuonwu, Comfort Emma Elechi, Elizabeth Nwobiarire Amadi

Asian Journal of Research in Nursing and Health, Page 17-22

Breast cancer cases have been on the increase partly due to lifestyles. However, some women have little or no knowledge of the measures that can be carried out to prevent a surge in cases. This study investigated the preventive behaviour toward breast cancer among women in Rivers East Senatorial District. The descriptive cross-sectional research design was adopted for the study. The population for the study consisted of all 545,056 women in Rivers East Senatorial District with a sample size of 1,200 women determined using the Taro Yamane’s formula and selected using the multistage sampling procedure. Data was collected using a structured questionnaire with a reliability coefficient of 0.704 and analysed using mean, standard deviation (SD) and regression statistics at 0.05 alpha level. The finding of the study showed a good preventive behaviour towards breast cancer (X ̅ = 3.00±0.99). Preventive behaviour towards breast cancer was not significantly related to occupation (r = 0.014; p>0.05). It was concluded that women in Rivers East Senatorial District have good preventive behaviour towards breast cancer. It was recommended that, the government should provide special centre for breast cancer counselling at strategic positions where women can easily go to obtain information they may need about their breasts including cancer.

Open Access Original Research Article

Improving Depressive Mood Status and Activities of Daily Living for Older People of Long-Term Care Facilities

Su-Hsien Chang, Ching-Len Yu

Asian Journal of Research in Nursing and Health, Page 23-33

Aims: To examine the effectiveness of transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulations (TEAS) and cognition action exercise program (CAEP) in managing depressive mood status and enhancing activities of daily living (ADL) performance.

Study Design: This was a multiple-factor, 36-week, cluster-randomized controlled trial.

Place and Duration of Study: Subjects were recruited from long-term care facilities located in Taiwan, between 2013-2014.

Methodology: Subjects were randomly assigned to receive TEAS, CAEP, physical exercise (PE), social visits, or care as usual based on the long-term care facility where they lived.

Results: The PE activity and the CAEP produced a significant reduction in depression score at week 36. Subjects in the TEAS group also showed a small increase in depression score, they displayed mild depressive mood status. Subjects’ ADL performance improved significantly during the 24 weeks but had declined slightly when measured at 36 weeks.

Conclusion: This study provides staff caregivers with a safe, noninvasive, theory-based caring model to prevent the development of depressive mood in older residents and to maintain their self-care performance.

Open Access Original Research Article

The Most Frequent General Words in Nursing Journals

Yadollah Pournia

Asian Journal of Research in Nursing and Health, Page 34-45

Background: General vocabulary is important in language learning. The frequency of general English vocabulary in nursing journals was investigated in the present study.

Materials and Methods: This is the report of the second part of a research on a corpus (collection of texts) of English nursing articles consisting of 2851 full-text and peer-reviewed articles with more than eight million words. The frequency of the general word types (WTs) was investigated, and a list of the most frequent 1000 general English word families (WFs), in two lists of 500, was selected.

Results: A total of 159 WTs covered 50% of all the words in the nursing journals. The two selected lists of 500 WFs covered 73.50% and 9.02% (82.52% in total) of all the words in the nursing journals, respectively

Conclusions: The two 500-WF lists of general English introduced in the present study can help nursing students to comprehend about 82% of all the words in English nursing journals.

Open Access Review Article

What to Follow; Problem-Based Learning or Traditional Teaching?

Faisal Nadeem

Asian Journal of Research in Nursing and Health, Page 1-5

Many pedagogies in nursing education are developed to boost students’ critical thinking skills. Problem – based learning (PBL) is the widely used methodology to enhance nursing students’ critical thinking skills and to solve the practical problems in the clinical and academic areas independently. Globally many studies have examined the effects of PBL on nursing students’ learning outcomes and others have studied the association among the outcomes. In this review paper the author used non-equivalent, quasi-experimental, pre and posttest design was used. ANCOVA (statistical test) was used to compare the outcomes of variables. The interventional group (PBL) gained a higher score in terms of critical thinking compared to control group (traditional lectures). In addition to self-directed learning students problem solving ability scores were also high. However, the statistical difference in scores between these two groups were not significant.   In this review paper the author has reflected on the importance of PBL and the associated hindering factors for the nursing students.