Assessment of Community Preparedness in Cardio Pulmonary Emergencies in Selected Cities in the Philippines

Vicente T. Baylon III

Faculty, Institute of Nursing, Far Eastern University, Manila, Philippines.

Frida A. Quizzagan

Faculty, Institute of Nursing, Far Eastern University, Manila, Philippines.

Ma. Theresa Salinda *

Faculty, Institute of Nursing, Far Eastern University, Manila, Philippines.

Julie C. Danofrata

Faculty, Institute of Nursing, Far Eastern University, Manila, Philippines.

Nemencio S. Santos Jr.

Faculty, Institute of Nursing, Far Eastern University, Manila, Philippines.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Background: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of death globally, taking an estimated death about 18 million lives each year [1]. Engagement in mitigation is important in the effectiveness of the programmed that reduce the mortality rate and improve quality of health [2]. It shown that changes over the years that intercepts in the assessment and management of those people in the community [3].  Active participation in the preparation and intervention of stakeholder is essential in responding cardio pulmonary emergencies in the community [4].

Purpose: The study aimed to assess Basic Life Support (BLS) capability of the layperson in the community specifically the household members. In addition, determine key stakeholders’ perception on Basic Life Support in communities preparedness.

Methods: The study was conducted in Metro Manila. Rapid Sampling was used and a total of 114 respondents were selected from two selected barangays.

Results: Mainstream of the respondents in Barangay Damayan perceived that BLS Critical Steps are needed in emergency care situation that comprise the 82.01 percent in contrast from 17.99 percent of responses of the respondents perceived critical steps in BLS are not needed. While the Mainstream of the respondents in Barangay Tumana perceived that BLS Critical Steps are needed in emergency care situation that comprise the 90.09 percent in contrast from 9.91 percent of responses of the respondents perceived critical steps in BLS are not needed.

Conclusion:  Community preparedness is essential in responding emergency situation in cardio pulmonary cases. Individual should know to deliver first aid to save life and their capability to perform cardio pulmonary resuscitation. Assessment to patient promotes higher chances of  survival until hospital emergency care system arrived. Training for the layperson in BLS-CPR represents one of the most successful strategies for increasing survival from sudden cardiac arrest.

Keywords: Assessment, community preparedness, cardio pulmonary, emergency


How to Cite

III, V. T. B., Quizzagan, F. A., Salinda, M. T., Danofrata, J. C., & Jr., N. S. S. (2023). Assessment of Community Preparedness in Cardio Pulmonary Emergencies in Selected Cities in the Philippines. Asian Journal of Research in Nursing and Health, 6(1), 115–121. Retrieved from https://journalajrnh.com/index.php/AJRNH/article/view/111

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

WHO. World Health Statistics: Monitoring Health for the SDGs, Sustainable Development Goals. Licence: CC BY‐NC‐SA 3.0 IGO. World Health Organization; 2021.

Long L, Mordi IR, Bridges C, et al. Exercise‐based cardiac rehabilitation for adults with heart failure. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2019;1:CD003331.

Jellinger PS, Handelsman Y, Rosenblit PD, et al. American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists and American College of Endocr nology Guidelines for management of dyslipidemia and prevention of cardiovascular disease. Endocr Pract. 2017;23(suppl 2):1‐87

Vargas C, Whelan J, Brimblecombe J, Allender S. Co‐creation, co‐design, co‐production for public health—a perspective on definition and distinctions. Public Health Res Pract. 2022;32(2): 3222211.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. About Multiple Cause of Death, 1999–2020. CDC WONDER Online Database website. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 2022.

Access on February 21, 2022.

Tsao CW, Aday AW, Almarzooq ZI, Beaton AZ, Bittencourt MS, Boehme AK, et al. Heart disease and stroke statistics—2022 update: A report From the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2022;145(8): e153–e639.

Hagemeister D, et al. Audit of bloemfontein primary healthcare clinics’ emergency preparedness. Africa Journal of Nursing and Midwifery. 2018;20:1. Available:https://doi.org/10.25159/2520-5293/3214

Naim MY, Burke RV, McNally BF, Song L, Griffis HM, Berg RA, Vellano K, Markenson D, Bradley RN, Rossano JW. Association of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation with overall and neurologically favorable survival after pediatric out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in the United States: A report from the Cardiac Arrest Registry to Enhance Survival Surveillance Registry. JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171:133–141. DOI: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3643

McCarthy JJ, Carr B, Sasson C, Bobrow BJ, Callaway CW, Neumar RW, et al. Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest resuscitation systems of care: A scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation; 2018.

Available:https://doi.org/10.1161/CIR.0000000000000557 PMID: 29483084.

Ruetzler K, Leung S, Chmiela M, Rivas E, Szarpak L, Khanna S, et al. Regurgitation and pulmonary aspiration during Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) with a laryngeal tube: A pilot crossover human cadaver study. Plos One. 2019;14(2): e0212704. Available:https://doi.org/10.1371/journal. pone.0212704

Baidya S, et al. Comparison of cardio respiratory responses and level of exertion following two common tests for arm exercise capacity in patients with COPD. Indian Journal of Physiotherapy & Occupational Therapy; 2018.

DOI: 10.5958/0973-5674.2018.00014.X

Dibben G, Faulkner J, Oldridge N, et al. Exercise‐based cardiac rehabilitation for coronary heart disease. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2021;11:CD001800.

Kabagani LJ. Heart disease remains top cause of death in PH in 2021, Philippine News; 2018.