Optimizing Patient Outcomes: The Role of Medication Administration and Nursing Care: A Systematic Review

Shi Jinxiang *

University of Malaya, Malaysia.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


By synthesizing the literature and existing research, we explore the key factors of medication management and care and the need to implement relevant strategies. The findings and findings of this study suggest that optimizing patient outcomes requires enhancing the safety and efficacy of drug management, improving the professionalism of care teams, and enhancing collaboration and communication between teams. In summary, the synergy of medication management and care is a key element in optimizing patient outcomes

Introduction: The field of medication management involves the precise administration and careful monitoring of medication safety and efficacy, as highlighted by Brummel, Lustig, et al. (2014). On the other hand, nursing is responsible for providing comprehensive care and prioritizing the overall well-being of patients. With this in mind, our study aims to assess the importance of medication management and holistic care in maximizing patient outcomes.

Methods: This review used a comprehensive literature review approach. Through systematic search and screening of relevant literature, research and practical experience related to drug management and care in patient outcomes were collected. Through the analysis and synthesis of selected literature, key findings and conclusions were collated

Results and Findings: The findings show that medication management and care play an important role in optimizing patient outcomes. Good medication management practices can reduce drug misuse and adverse effects, improve medication adherence, and improve patient outcomes. At the same time, nursing teams play a key role in monitoring and evaluating patients' conditions, providing personalized care and education, and promoting patient health and recovery.

Conclusion: This study emphasizes the significance of medication management and nursing care in optimizing patient outcomes. In order to achieve favorable patient outcomes, healthcare facilities and care teams should enhance the safety and effectiveness of medication administration, enhance medication education and support for adherence, and foster collaboration among care teams and other healthcare professionals. These endeavors will contribute to enhancing patient satisfaction, reducing complication rates, and delivering superior patient care and treatment outcomes.

Keywords: Medication management, nursing, patient outcomes, optimization

How to Cite

Jinxiang, Shi. 2023. “Optimizing Patient Outcomes: The Role of Medication Administration and Nursing Care: A Systematic Review”. Asian Journal of Research in Nursing and Health 6 (1):321-25. https://journalajrnh.com/index.php/AJRNH/article/view/132.


Download data is not yet available.


Edwards S, Axe S. The 10 ‘R's of safe multidisciplinary drug administration. Nurse Prescribing. 2015;13(8):398- 406.

Leporini C, et al. Adherence to therapy and adverse drug reactions: Is there a link? Expert opinion on drug safety. 2014; 13(sup1):41-55.

Li W, et al. Pharmacokinetic drug interaction profile of omeprazole with adverse consequences and clinical risk management. Therapeutics and clinical risk management. 2013;259-271.

Lovell MR, et al. Patient education, coaching, and self-management for cancer pain. Journal of Clinical Oncology; 2014.

Wittich CM, et al. Medication errors: an overview for clinicians. Mayo Clinic Proceedings Elsevier; 2014.

Pharmacy ACoC, et al. Improving care transitions: Current practice and future opportunities for pharmacists. Pharmacotherapy: The Journal of Human Pharmacology and Drug Therapy. 2012 32(11):e326-e337.

Montamat S C, Cusack B. Overcoming problems with polypharmacy and drug misuse in the elderly [J]. Clinics in geriatric medicine, 1992, 8(1): 143-158.

Hristoskova A, et al. Ontology- driven monitoring of patient’s vital signs enabling personalized medical detection and alert. Sensors. 2014;14(1):1598-1628.

Organization WH. Promoting rational use of medicines: Core components, World Health Organization; 2002.

Dolu I, et al. Transitional ‘hospital to home’care of older patients: Healthcare professionals’ perspectives. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences. 2021;35(3): 871-880.

Scullin C, et al. An innovative approach to integrated medicines management. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice. 2007;13(5):781-788.

Li J-P O, et al. Digital technology, tele-medicine and artificial intelligence in ophthalmology: A global perspective. Progress in retinal and eye research. 2021; 82:100900.

Johansson P, et al. Patient satisfaction with nursing care in the context of health care: A literature study. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences. 2002;16(4): 337-344.

Gogtay N, et al. The use and safety of non-allopathic Indian medicines. Drug safety. 2002;25: 1005-1019.

Mitchell P, et al. Core principles & values of effective team-based health care. NAM Perspectives; 2012.

Shaneyfelt TM, et al. Are guidelines following guidelines?: The methodological quality of clinical practice guidelines in the peer-reviewed medical literature. Jama 1999;281(20): 1900-1905.

Ma CS. Role of pharmacists in optimizing the use of anticancer drugs in the clinical setting. Integrated Pharmacy Research and Practice. 2014;11-24.

Given BA, et al. Family support in advanced cancer. CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians 2001;51(4):213-231.

Kripalani S, et al. Promoting effective transitions of care at hospital discharge: A review of key issues for hospitalists. Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine. 2007; 2(5):314-323.

Wager KA, et al. Health care information systems: a practical approach for health care management. John Wiley & Sons; 2021.